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nginx默认日志格式总结

Nginx中日志文件的格式在nginx.conf中定义,其默认格式如下:

#vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
log_format access '$remote_addr – $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" ' '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" ' ' "$http_user_agent" $http_x_forwarded_for';

其中,各个字段的含义如下:

$remote_addr 与$http_x_forwarded_for
用以记录客户端的ip地址;

$remote_user
用来记录客户端用户名称;

$time_local
用来记录访问时间与时区;

$request
用来记录请求的url与http协议;

$status
用来记录请求状态;成功是200,

$body_bytes_sent
记录发送给客户端文件主体内容大小;

$http_referer
用来记录从那个页面链接访问过来的;

$http_user_agent
记录客户端浏览器的相关信息;

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